Studied 1 Peter 5:1-11 at the beginning of yesterday’s meeting.

Context: Persecution. State-wide. Christianity viewed as anti-State.

5:1 So I exhort the elders among you, as a fellow elder and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, as well as a partaker in the glory that is going to be revealed:

Peter-refering to himself as an elder. Peter, ‘a witness of the sufferings of Christ’. Suggested that he was a bad witness-“a failed witness of Christ suffering.-Grudem”. Reason? Denied Jesus 3 times. Jesus even said to Peter: “Get behind me Satan.” Satan, was trying to prevent Jesus from going to the Cross. Peter and others had a different expectation of Jesus-one of of triumphant Messiah.

Yet, Peter was restored. A fellow elder. He is confident that he is going to partake in glory!  There is Restoration in Christ Jesus. Have I failed? Sure, I have.  But have I confessed? Have I repented?

2 shepherd the flock of God that is among you, exercising oversight, not under compulsion, but willingly, as God would have you; not for shameful gain, but eagerly;

Shepherd=Elders=Pastors=Overseers (Bishops). Elders are to watch over the flock, as Pastors do. Oversight is to be given not under compulsion but willingly. Not for money but eagerly. “We’re not here to exercise control, but to discharge authority.” And this authority is found in the Gospel, the Word of God. And there is an accountability to be given to God.

3 not domineering over those in your charge, but being examples to the flock.

Elders are to be examples. A good example for the flock to follow. If I am a leader, do I have followers? And I a good example for the flock to follow?

4 And when the chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory.

There only one Chief Shepherd. We are under-Shepherds and we can’t fulfill shepherd unless we are walking and communion with the Chief shepherd.

We may not be appreciated rather receive malice, flamed, etc. But you will receive the unfading crown of glory.

5 Likewise, you who are younger, be subject to the elders. Clothe yourselves, all of you, with humility toward one another, for “God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.”

Old men: Do not lord over. Young men: Submit. Reason? Humility. “God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.”

6 Humble yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand of God so that at the proper time he may exalt you, 7 casting all your anxieties on him, because he cares for you.

Casting our cares. (In the context of persecution.)

8 Be sober-minded; be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour.

Be watchful! The devil prowls…to devour!

9 Resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same kinds of suffering are being experienced by your brotherhood throughout the world. 10 And after you have suffered a little while, the God of all grace, who has called you to his eternal glory in Christ, will himself restore, confirm, strengthen, and establish you.

The way forward: Is not a lessening or alleviation of suffering but PERSEVERANCE of suffering. “A little while longer.”


11 To him be the dominion forever and ever. Amen.

Amen. Amen. Amen.